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Everything to know about Cavities

Jan 20, 2023

Yes, it is still common for children to get cavities. The goal is to identify risk early  enough so that you can take more preventative action versus restorative action. 


So what exactly are cavities?

A cavity is essentially a hole in a tooth caused by a small bacterial infection of that specific tooth structure. Cavities can show up in different ways but are more frequently a darker black to brown area on a tooth. If your dentist detects a cavity, either visibly on a chewing surface or hidden between the teeth, it should be treated early to prevent problems. 

If left untreated, a cavity rarely if ever repairs itself.  A cavity will continue to damage a tooth by eroding away more enamel and dentin until pain and swelling become a problem. This can lead to a lot of pain and result in dental abscess/infection, expensive dental work or even early tooth loss and shifting of permanent teeth.


How do cavities develop?

Our mouths are full of bacteria!

Cavities occur when harmful bacteria breakdown the sugar we eat and produce an acidic by-product. The more time teeth are exposed to these acids, the more likely they are to decay. Routinely brushing our teeth reduces this acidity and therefore reduced the risk for cavities. 


How will I know if my child is developing a cavity?

The first sign of tooth decay might be the appearance of a white spot on the tooth. A white spot appears when there is a loss of enamel. Enamel is the hard, protective cover of our teeth.

If holes in the enamel are being formed faster than they can be repaired then a cavity will start developing. Once a cavity has formed, the white spot will likely become black or brown, get bigger  and lead to the previously mentioned problems if not treated.


How do you treat a cavity?

Be sure to visit your dentist twice a year so they can keep an eye on your little ones teeth. You can also incorporate these oral tips in their daily routine. Give us a call at (949) 644-0611 to schedule your appointment.


We hope to see you soon!



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